What should I know about electrical welding?
Follow electrical safety procedures to prevent electrical hazards. Electricity used in welding is available as:
- single-phase, 120 Volts (V) or 240 V; and
- triple-phase 575 V in Canada and 480 V in the USA.
Never connect an American triple-phase power supply directly to a Canadian triple-phase voltage input. You will destroy the transformer and possibly injure yourself.
All power supplies must meet the guidelines set by CSA standard C22.1 Canadian Electrical Code, 19th edition, 2009 (in Canada) or ANSI/NFPA 70 (2011) National Electrical Safety Code (in the USA), or by your local electric utility or another appropriate body.
What are common electrical hazards?
The human body conducts electricity. Even low currents may cause severe health effects. Spasms, burns, muscle paralysis, or death can result depending on the amount of the current flowing through the body, the route it takes, and the duration of exposure.
|Effects of Electrical Shock|
|Effect||DC Current (mA)|
|Paralysis of Diaphragm||20-50|
|Makes hands “clamp-on”||16-20|
COMPLETION OF CIRCUIT THROUGH THE BODY
- If a person touches a live conductor, current may flow through the body to the ground and cause a shock.
- Increased electrical contact with the ground increases the risk of shock.
- Avoid standing in water, on wet surfaces, or working with wet hands or wearing sweaty garments.
- Small shocks could surprise you and cause you to slip and fall, possibly from a high place.
What should you avoid when working with a band saw?
- Do not use excessive force when pushing the wood past the blade.
- Do not back the stock away from the blade while the saw is in motion if the workpiece binds or pinches on the blade.
- Do not stop a band saw by thrusting stock against the cutting edge or the side of a blade immediately after the power has been shut off.
- Do not remove sawdust or cuttings from the table by hand or with compressed air. Use a stick or brush.
- Do not leave a saw running unattended. Turn off the power and make sure the machine has stopped running before leaving the area.
What should I do in case of electric shock?
- Call for medical help.
- DO NOT touch the victim with your “bare hands” until he or she is away from the live electrical source.
- Turn off the power at the fuse box or circuit breaker panel if an appliance or electrical equipment is the electrical source or, if you can do it safely, turn off the appliance or electrical equipment and unplug it. Just turning off the equipment is not sufficient.
- If the electricity cannot be turned off and the victim is still in contact with the electrical source, decide if you must move the victim or push the wire away from the victim (call for emergency help if the wire is a high voltage power line).
- Insulate yourself if you must move a victim away from a live contact – wear dry gloves or cover your hands with a cloth and stand on dry insulating material like cardboard, wood or clothes. Ensure you have good footing and will not slip or fall when trying to move the victim.
- Use a dry piece of wood, broom or other dry, insulating object or material to move the wire or power source away from the victim or push the victim off the live electrical source.
- Do not move the victim if there is a possibility of neck or spinal injuries (from a fall, for example) unless it is absolutely necessary.
- Give artificial respiration if the victim is not breathing.
- Give CPR if the victim’s heart has stopped (only if you are trained in CPR).
- Cover burns with a sterile dressing. There may be a burn where the power source touched the victim and in the area where the electricity left the body (to the ground). On the surface, electrical burns may not look serious but deeper in the tissue the burn can be severe.
- Keep the victim comfortable, warm and at rest, and monitor breathing.
Document last updated on January 2, 2012.
The original source of this information is from the Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety www.ccchs.ca. All rights reserved.